Every home requires a sufficient supply of water for a wide range of household uses. If you don't live in town, you probably have an electromechanical system for drawing water from your well. A bore pump is the heart of this electromechanical system and ensures your home gets clean water for use.
Whether you just dug your well and need a water pump or you have a pump but need to install a new one, this post will outline top types of water pumps you can consider.
Jet pump systems usually come in two styles — deep and shallow pumps. The shallow jet pump is mounted above the well and is connected to a suction pipe that's used to draw water from the well. They are suitable for shallow wells. Since the mechanics of these pumps aren't complex, they require less maintenance.
Deep shallow pumps are meant for deeper wells. Unlike the shallow pumps, deep jet pumps have two pipes in the water column. One pipe acts as a suction pipe while the other returns water to run the jet unit that's mounted in a well housing. Once turned on, water will be pushed down the first pipe and it will re-enter using the second pipe.
A centrifugal pump can only be used for shallow wells. The pump only has one suction pipe that's placed into the borehole and water column. Due to their small size, these pumps are simpler to use and maintain and will cost less compared to jet and submersible pumps.
Submersible pumps are used to pump water from deep wells. They use pressure tanks to draw water through a pipe that connects the well to your home. This type is one of the most popular and versatile options for pumping water from below the ground. The pump is designed to offer superb efficiency and can pump large quantities of water. Two-wire pumps come with built-in controls, while three-wire pumps need a detached control box. The performance capability of the pump is usually determined by its horsepower, so the greater it is, the greater the water return.
Unlike jet pumps, submersible pumps experience fewer mechanical problems. The pumps lie under the water. Cavitation that occurs whenever extra gas or oil gets in the mechanical parts isn't also a problem since the pumps are under water. But, if it's faulty, you have to contact a professoinal to pull it from the well casing.